Falls are a large problem all around the world.

man with caneThey are the second leading cause of death due to unintentional injury worldwide and account for over 420 000 deaths each year (WHO 2010). Death or serious injury due to falls is most common among older adults over 65 years of age, but children are also at high risk of falling (WHO 2010).

The World Health Organization reports that falls are in the top five leading causes of burden of disease for children between the ages of 5 and 14 years, and the top fifteen leading causes of burden of disease for children between the ages of 0 and 4 years (Peden et al 2002). Peden M, McGee K, Krug E (eds) (2002). Injury: A leading cause of the global burden of disease, 2000. World Health Organization: Geneva. World Health Organization Media Centre (2010). Fact Sheet No344. World Health Organization: Geneva.