These publications and research articles provide information about playground falls and what can be done to prevent them.

While there are many publications and articles in this area, we have included those about factors that affect the risk of falls and associated injuries, and reports about Winnipeg, Manitoba and Canada falls statistics.

BC Injury Research and Prevention Unit. Emergency Department Injury Surveillance System (EDISS): Sports-related injury data report 2001-2003. Vancouver, BC: BCIRPU, 2004.

Chalmers DJ, Marshall SW, Langley JD, Evans MJ, Brunton CR, Kelly AM, et al. Height and surfacing as risk factors for injury in falls from playground equipment: a case- control study. Inj Prev 1996;2:98-104.

Howard AW, MacArthur C, Willan A, Rothman L, Moses-McKeag A, MacPherson AK. The effect of safer play equipment on playground injury rates among school children. CMAJ 2005;172(11):1443-1446.

LaForest S, Robitaille Y, Lesage D, Dorval D. Surface characteristics, equipment height, and the occurrence and severity of playground injuries. Injury Prevention 2001;7:35-40.

Macarthur C, Hu X, Wesson DE, Parkin PC. Risk factors for severe injuries associated with falls from playground equipment. Accid Anal Prev 2000;32:377-382.

Mott A, Rolfe K, James R, Evans R, Kemp A, Dunstan F, et al. Safety of surfaces and equipment for children in playgrounds. Lancet 1997;349:1874-1876.

Public Health Agency of Canada. Canadian Hospital Injuries Reporting and Prevention Program Data Sampler: Injuries associated with playground equipment. Ottawa ON: Public Health Agency of Canada, 2000.

Sherker S, Ozanne-Smith J, Rechnitzer G, Grzebieta R. Out on a limb: risk factors for arm fracture in playground equipment falls. Inj Prev 2005;11(2):120-124.

Sibert JR, Mott A, Rolfe K, James R, Evans RK, Kemp A, Dunstan FD. Preventing injuries in public playgrounds through partnership between health services and local authority: community intervention study. BMJ 1999;318:1595.

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